Kamis, 02 Mei 2024

Credit Default Swap : Definition, Structure, Use, and Potential Misuse

  • Mei 02, 2024
  • Penerbit NEM


Credit default swaps and credit derivatives in general are one of the many specialized derivatives that are used for the purpose of hedging, speculation and arbitrage. The primary purpose of a credit derivative or the need behind the creation of such a product is to serve as a credit risk transfer mechanism. Credit risk is one of the four broadly classified types of risks (others being operational risk, market risk and liquidity risk) is the possibility of a loss resulting from a borrower’s failure to repay a loan or meet contractual obligations. Credit Default Swaps and Credit Derivatives gained popularity in the pre and during Global Financial Crisis in 2008. It has earned a bad reputation since then as it is perceived as one of the most dangerous financial derivatives. The decline in trading volume of emerging market sovereign CDS in the years since the 2008 global financial crisis, along with the steady rise in volume of emerging-market-bond ETFs, might have contributed to this increase in the relative efficiency of bond-price discovery.

 

Credit-Default Swaps (CDS) were generally a better source of price discovery than spreads computed from bond prices. Credit-Default Swaps (CDS) tended to be a better measure of value compared to spreads computed from bonds, which may have been traded infrequently. However, since the COVID-19 crisis, the cash bond market appears to have made strong inroads as the better source for investors to compare relative value and risk.

  

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